Glossary

A B C D E F T F G H I J K L M O P R S T U V W

A

A-line Bob

An A-line Bob is a geometric bob with a straight fringe, so called because of the resemblance to the capital A, with its horizontal line, the fringe and its legs the hair passing your ears. Related: Bob.

Asymmetry

A cut that does not match on either side — opposite to symmetrical.

B

Bevel

Small bend in the hair i.e. bevel the ends of your hair under or out to create a bob or flicks — created with hair dryer or irons.

Bob

The Bob was invented in the 1920s and became the classic look of the 50s and 60s. It continues to be a popular cut off screen and on, for example Uma Thurman had one in Pulp fiction. The style was short and straight but blow-dried and curled under. At its worst the style could make you look like a mushroom, but at best with the curl accentuating your cheekbones it created an incredibly sexy look. Bob has become a description of the hair length from ear-length to the shoulder. Now you can get straight bobs, or the ends flicked out or in. Related: A-line Bob

Bouffant

Big, voluminous hair, personified by Amy Winehouse.

C

CACI

This acronym stands for Computer Aided Cosmetology Instrument; which is a non-surgical face lift. By applying a micro-current to your face, this treatment tones muscles making them feel firmer and smoothes the appearance of lines and wrinkles.

Chignon

A chignon is a sophisticated, elegant up style, where long hair is twisted (either in a roll or knot) and pinned from the nape of neck. This style is synonymous with Hollywood and the Oscars, without a single strand of hair out of place. Audrey Hepburn is most famous for wearing this do in Breakfast at Tiffany’s.

Cortex

Inner part of the hair’s structure.

Couture Cut

A couture cut is a high-fashion cut, which is totally exclusive and specifically tailored to your lifestyle and wardrobe.

Crop

Originally the word crop was used as an alternative to haircut, without any specific meaning to the style of the cut.

Cuticles

The hair cuticles form a protective layer which covers the shaft of hair. If your hair is coloured or bleached they can spread out, split or become bloated due to over processing. Which is why if you do process your hair, you’ve got to take special care and help its condition by using intensive products.

D

Diffuser

A Diffuser is an adapter you put on the end of your hair dryer; it’s generally circular with a number of pins sticking out from it. However my 21st century version, the CURL SoCK, is a flexible diffuser suitable for any hairdryer. The diffuser spreads out the air flow from your hair dryer so you don’t get the full force of the air, meaning a gentler drying process.

Disconnection

The main part of any noughties hair style — reinvention of classic shapes by not connecting main sections of the hair style.

E

Essential Fatty Acids (EFA)

EFA preserve the resilence and flexibility of your hair. It's common for hair products to contain natural or synethetic EFAs like cetyl alcohol

F

Feathering

Feathering is a cutting technique hairdressers use to take hard lines out of the hair. By cutting into the hair softer lines are created.

T

The Flip

The hair is twisted in the hand before cutting to allow it to fall evenly, connecting the whole look together even when the cut is a complicated mix of long and short.

F

Fly-Away Hair

Fly-away Hair, is thin hair that is charged by static and is a particular problem with straight looks as the hair just won’t lie properly and can spoil your look. A quick way I’ve found to lessen the problem is to pass a silk scarf over the hair and they’ll all lie flat… magic!

Follicles

The hair follicle is the tiny bulb under your scalp from which the hair grows.

Fringe

The front section that creates a frame for your face — can be the most important part of a hair style. A fringe will need to be trimmed regularly.

G

Graduation

The build up of a shape. It can create a curve in the hair and is the opposite of layering.

H

Halo

A short rounded bob with a fringe that create a halo effect as it frames the head and face.

Hair Extensions

Hair Extensions are used to add volume or length to your hair by bonding synthetic or real hair at your roots. See also: Wefts.

I

Irons

One of the most important hair tool inventions in the last 20 years. Creates poker straight hair as well as beautiful curls depending on which technique you use.

J

J The Jekyll and Hyde

A nickname for a panelling effect which is a compilation of two styles. The first is a simple understated look that will transform into something totally ‘out there’ if you change the parting and reveal the cut underneath.

K

Keratin

Keratin is a protein that your hair is made up of.

L

Layering

Layering is a technique used by hairdressers to change the thickness of the hair, creating either a thinning or thicker appearance. In this way the hair can be given a fuller appearance, more texture and movement.

Leave in conditioner

What most people should use, as it encourages moisture and shine.

Lipid Layer

Lipids are part of the structure of the hair and also form a protective barrier. They are composed of EFAs amongst other complicated scientific things.

M

Mallam Streak

A quirky colouring technique - This is dark hair with sporadic clusters of blonde, be it in the fringe or randomly at the back of the head.

O

Oval face shape

The face shape that all hair dressers strive to create on their clients when cutting their hair, as this is the most flattering face shape.

P

Perm

I know what you are thinking arrgh the 80's disaster cut. The Perm creates curls by restructuring your hair molecules with a chemical, or heat treatment and is generally a long-lasting or permanent change to your hair. But Perms really don’t have to be like they used to and they give you great choice. It can be cool to have a perm so let’s go curl their world.

Protection

One of the most important things to remember when it comes to looking after your hair - remember protection is always better than cure!

R

Regular Trims

Very important for keeping you hair in fantastic condition.

Rough Blow Dry

A Rough Blow Dry is just to remove the moisture from wet hair, i.e. just to dry the hair without styling. To try and style your hair whilst trying to blow it dry from wet can take ages, so rough blow dry your hair and then worry about the style.

S

Scrunch Dry

A technique for drying your hair which creates a style at the same time. Using a diffuser on your hairdryer, put the dryer underneath and literally scrunch your hair with your free hand.

Sectioning

Sectioning your hair allows you to only pay attention to a particular area or panel of hair. You or your hairdresser will do this when blow-drying, cutting or colouring your hair, and will section your hair by taking a panel of hair and pinning or ignoring the rest.

Serum

A serum is a smoothing product to stop your hair from frizzing, keeping it smooth and straight. You’ll be able to find a serum that is specifically designed to your own hair type. You can use a serum on wet hair before styling, or when used in moderation on dry hair to get a smoother look.

Spritz

Spritz is a light mist or spray, which when used as a verb means to lightly spray your hair. When describing a product it generally means the product will produce a fine mist.

Suitability

Some thing to consider when choosing your next hair style.

T

Treatment

A treatment is used in between Shampoo and Conditioner to put protein back into the hair. You should leave the treatment in your hair for approximately 5 minutes before using your conditioner. You’ll be able to find a treatment designed for your hair type.

U

Undercut

Removing the weight from underneath your hair (see Disconnection).

V

Vidal Sassoon

The man that started it all in the hair dressing world!

W

Wedge

A cut that Trevor Sorbie created in the 70’s.

Wefts

Wefts are temporary hair extensions which are glued into your hair.